How soon can I obtain subsidy payments after I complete relevant stage of work on my tea land?

About one and half months (1 ½)

Is increased subsidy rates applicable to permits obtained prior to the date of increasing the subsidy?

No, Increased subsidy in the year 2011 is valid for permits issued after 2011/01/01 onward.

Is fertilizer subsidy granted for immature tea?

No

What are the facilities given by the authority to commercial tea nurseries?

Most primary facilities provided is the advice given by our Tea Inspector Extension Officers whilst inspecting nurseries and training programmes provided free of cost. In addition to this, a plant certification is conducted in the same inspection process. It is possible to obtain our assistance in selling such certified plants. Through this it is possible to obtain a good price for plants of good quality. Further, it is possible to obtain cuttings of new tea cultivars and other inputs required for the nursery by applying through the relevant Tea Inspector
Extension Officer.

Is there a programme to provide employment in the Tea Small Holdings Development Authority or Tea Shakthi Fund to the children of society members?

No arrangement at the moment

What is the fertilizer mixture that should be used for my tea cultivation at the time of plucking?

T 750 fertilizer mixture should be used from initiation of plucking (from around third year) up to the first pruning. After this, fertilizer recommended for mature tee in plucking should be used. The Two mixtures UT 397 and UT 752 specified by the Tea Research Institute as an interim recommendation is currently used. Out of this, UT 397 is recommended for low yielding tea whilst UT 752 is recommended for high yielding tea. In addition, to receive specified results of applied fertilizer, use of Dolomite and Zinc Sulphate as recommended is essential.

What is the most effective new technical device that can be used in plucking?

The most effective new technical device that could be used in tea small holdings is hand operated selective tea harvester introduced by the Tea Research Institute. Though mechanical tea harvesters are available in the market, these are sometimes not suitable for small holder conditions and preservation of quality of leaf plucked also could be a problem. Also, price of these machines are comparatively high.

What is the type of plants that should be planted in my land?

If better results are to be obtained, bagged plants (Poly Bag Plants) of a cultivar recommended by the Tea Research Institute should be planted. These cultivars are recommended for specific areas and a suitable cultivar should be selected accordingly. It is important to select a cultivar that is tolerant to conditions of the land and probable past and disease occurrences in the area, not considering only the yield. You can obtain the assistance of the Tea Inspector Extension Officer in the area for this.

Details of the diseases affecting tea?

Out of the diseases affecting tea, Blister Blight disease, Black Blight Disease and Stem and Branch canker are economically important. However, prevention of these diseases is more important than trying to cure them after infection. For this, good agricultural practices should always be adopted in the cultivation. Since it is impossible to provide all details about diseases in a limited space, necessary details could be obtained by referring technical publication in another location of this web site or consulting the Tea Inspector Extension Officer of the area.

How can the soil organic level be improved?

Organic matter should regularly be added to improve the organic condition of the soil. Basically for this, if the land is a replanting block a recommended grass species should be cultivated, maintained for the specified time period and lopped and incorporated in to soil from time to time. Similarly, cultivation of shade/green manure species within the tea cultivation as recommended is essential. Organic matter is added to the soil through leaf fall of these as well as periodic lopping. Even though it is possible to add organic matter externally to the soil in the form of compost etc. it may practically be difficult. Therefore,
it is important to adopt good agricultural practices such as mulching, burial of pruning etc which adds organic matter to the soil.

What are the benefits accrued to the tea farmer by improving the soil organic content?

First of all, if the tea cultivation is to be sustained productively over a long period of time soil organic matter level should be satisfactory. If the soil organic matter level is good, retention of moisture will be high. A good yield could be obtained through this and also tolerance to drought conditions too would be improved. Also, applied fertilizer will be retained in the soil and making these available to plants thus reducing wastage of fertilizer and yielding better results. Increase of micro-organism activity in the presence of organic matter would further improve fertility levels. Certain pest occurrences too could be
overcome as well by maintaining good organic matter levels in the soil.

How could Horse Hair Blight be controlled?

Horse Hair Blight is a condition created by a relationship between a fungus and the tea plant. If this condition is to be controlled, it is important to maintain good sanitary conditions in the tea bush from the first pruning. Care should be taken to remove fungi mycelia (fibers) by hand after pruning in every possible instance. It is also important to spray hydrated lime on to the bush frame (10 Kg of lime dissolved in 50 Litres of water) after pruning. In addition to good agricultural practices that lead to control of disease such
as shade management, improving drainage, spraying of a copper fungicide (20 g) or a systemic fungicide (10 ml) dissolve in 10 litres of water in essential instances to wet the frame is necessary.

How do I properly prune my tea land?

It is difficult to simply explain a matter like proper pruning of tea in a space like this. Basically it is necessary to prune the tea at the proper time in the recommended manner to ensure sustenance of the cultivation. Necessary advice could be accessed through our technical publications included in this web site.

What is meant by scientific plucking and packing of green leaf?

What is basically important for a good tea manufacture is receipt of immature, undamaged leaf at the factory. Scientific tea plucking and packing becomes important in this context. Though it is difficult to give detailed information in this space, scientific plucking means harvesting leaf in good condition enabling maximum and consistent yield without damage to the bush, depending on the growth pattern of flush. To preserve the leaf without damage until taken to the factory, an appropriate weight should be packed in a suitable container. Details on this too could be obtained from technical publications in this web
site.

How could be the algae disease be controlled?

Though this is called as algae disease, it is caused by bodies called lichens, created by a complex of algae and fungi. Since this basically is not fast spreading condition, it is not compulsory to resort to chemical treatment in case of infestations. If necessary, this condition could be controlled by either spraying 170 litres of spray liquid per hectare at the rate of 20 g of copper fungicide in 10 litres of water or 900 litres of spray liquid per hectare at the rate of 22.5 g of Sulphur in 4.5 litres of water.